## What Is CONVERT Function In Excel?

The

CONVERT function in Excelhelps users to convert a numeric value’s measuring unit to another, such as miles to kilometers, kilograms to grams, pounds to dollars, etc., or vice versa.

The** CONVERT Excel function **is an inbuilt **Engineering** function, so we can insert the formula from the “**Function Library**” or enter it directly in the worksheet.

For example, the below table contains a list of numbers and their respective units in columns A and B.

We will convert the above values using the** CONVERT function**.

First, select cell **E2**, enter the formula **=CONVERT(A2,B2,C2),** press “**Enter**”, and drag the formula from cell **E2** to **E4 **using the fill handle.

The output is shown above. The function accepts the given number, its unit, and the new unit to be converted to. Column F is for our reference.

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**CONVERT function in Excel**converts the number specified in one measurement system to another measurement system within the same group. - In the 3 mandatory arguments,
**number**,, and*from_unit***to_unit**, the first argument is a number, and the function accepts the second and third arguments as text values in double quotations. - We can use the
**CONVERT()**as a standalone function, or with other Excel functions such as**VLOOKUP(), ROUND(), etc.** - The unit names and prefixes provided as arguments to the
**CONVERT()**are case-sensitive.

### CONVERT() Excel Formula

The syntax of the **CONVERT Excel formula **is:

The arguments of the **CONVERT Excel formula **are:

*number**:*The numeric value in the measurement unit we require to convert.*from_unit**:*The unit we require to convert the given**number**from.*to_unit**:*The unit we require to convert the given**number**to.

All the arguments in the **CONVERT function in Excel **are mandatory. While the first argument is a number, the function accepts the second and third arguments as text values in double quotations.

The following tables show the text values (units in different measurement systems under each group) that the **CONVERT function in Excel** accepts as the second and third arguments.

On the other hand, we can prep the abbreviated unit prefixes listed in the first table to any metric unit. And we can use the binary prefixes provided in the second table with “bits and “bytes”.

### How To Use CONVERT Excel Function?

We can use the **CONVERT function in Excel **in 2 methods, namely,

**Access from the Excel ribbon****Enter in the worksheet manually**

#### Method #1 – Access from the Excel ribbon

First, choose an empty cell → select the “**Formulas**” tab → go to the “**Function Library**” → click the “**More Functions**” option drop-down → click the “**Engineering**” option right arrow → select the “**CONVERT**” function, as shown below.

The “**Function Arguments**” window appears. Enter the argument values in the “**Number**”, “**From_unit**”, and “**To_unit**” fields → click “**OK**”, as shown below.

#### Method #2 – Enter in the worksheet manually

- Select an empty cell for the output.
- Type
**=CONVERT(**in the cell. [Alternatively, type**=C**and select the**CONVERT**function from the Excel suggestions. - Enter the arguments as cell values or cell references.
- Close the brackets and press
**Enter**to view the converted number.

Let us take an example to understand this function.

We will convert the numbers to the required measuring units **using** **CONVERT function in Excel.**

Consider the following table containing a list of values and their respective units in columns A and B.

The steps to convert the values **using** **CONVERT function in Excel **are,

**First, select cell D2, enter the formula =CONVERT(A2,B2,C2), and press Enter.**

[Alternatively, select cell**D2**→ click**Formulas**→**More Functions**→**Engineering**→**CONVERT**. This step will open the**Function Arguments**window.

Enter the three argument values in the**Function Arguments**window, as shown below.

And once we click**OK**, the output,**321.8688,**will appear in cell**D2**.]**Now, select cell D3, enter the formula =CONVERT(290,”N”,”lbf”), and press Enter.**

[As the first argument is a number, we do not need to enter the value in double quotations. And as the unit arguments are text values, we must enter them in double quotes.]**Select cell D4, enter the formula =CONVERT(A4,B4,C4), and press Enter.****Next, select cell D5, enter the formula =CONVERT(1000,B5,C5), and press Enter.**

[Here, the requirement is to convert meters to yottameters. So the**CONVERT()**in the target cell D5 includes the metric prefix,**yotta**, prepended to the third argument,**to_unit**.]**Select cell D6, enter the formula =CONVERT(A6,B6,C6), and press Enter.**

[As the argument**number**is a text instead of a numeric value, the**CONVERT()**output in the target cell D6 is the**#VALUE!**error.]**Then, select cell D7, enter the formula =CONVERT(50,”HP”,W), and press Enter.**

[The**CONVERT()**in the target cell**D7**returns the**#NAME?**error since the third argument value,**W**, is not in double quotations.]**Select cell D8, enter the formula =CONVERT(A8,B8,C8), and press Enter.**

[The third argument value,**hat**, in row 8 does not exist in the**Area**measurement system or any other metric system. And thus, the function returns the**#N/A**error.]**Finally, select cell D9, enter the formula =CONVERT(120,”m”,”mph”), and press Enter.**

[The**CONVERT()**in the target cell D9 returns the**#N/A**error, as the two specified units are from different groups,**Distance**, and**Speed**. And hence the conversion is not possible.]

The converted measuring units are shown above.

### Examples

We will understand different scenarios with the **CONVERT function in Excel** **examples**.

#### Example #1

We will convert the land area data in square meters using the **CONVERT function.**

The below table contains a list of US states and their land area data in square miles.

The steps to convert the values using the **CONVERT function in Excel** are,

**Step 1:**Select cell**C2**, enter the formulaand press*=CONVERT(B2,”mi2″,”m2″),***Enter**.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**C2**to**C11**using the fill handle.

We get the output as shown above.

[**Output Observation:** Let us see the target cell C11 formula to understand how it works. The first argument, **number**, is the value **96003**. And the second and third arguments are **mi2** and **m2**, the units for square miles and square meters. And, as **1** square mile is equal to **2.59e+6** square meters, the **CONVERT function in Excel **returns **2.48647E+11 **square meters as the output.

[**Note:** We may also enter the above formula in the following ways to achieve the same result,

*=CONVERT(B11,”mi^2″,”m^2″)*

Or

** =CONVERT(CONVERT(B11,”mi”,”m”),”mi”,”m”) **]

#### Example #2

We will determine the speed of each car in **meters/second** using the **CONVERT function.**

The table below shows a list of cars and the distances they cover in the specified hours. Here, the given distance values are miles, and the time values are hours.

The steps to convert the values using the **CONVERT function in Excel** are,

**Step 1:**Select cell**D2**, enter the formulaand press*=CONVERT(B2,”mi”,”m”)/CONVERT(C2,”hr”,”sec”),***Enter**.

[The **CONVERT()** in the numerator accepts the distance value, **38**, and the units of miles and meters, **mi **and **m**, as inputs. And it converts the distance value, **38** **miles**, to **61155.072** **meters**.

On the other hand, the **CONVERT()** in the denominator takes the hour value, **2**, and the units of hours and seconds, **hr** and **sec**, as inputs. It then converts the hour value, **2 hours**, to **7200 seconds**.

And finally, the division formula divides the two values to return **8.49376 meters/second**.]

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**D2**to**D6**using the fill handle.

We get the output as shown above.

#### Example #3

We will use the **CONVERT function in Excel** with **VLOOKUP(), **and** ROUND()**, to determine the temperature of the country, **Mauritania**, and display the value in **Degree Fahrenheit**.

In the following image, the first table contains a list of the top 10 hottest countries in 2022, based on their average annual temperature in **Degree Celsius**.

The procedure to use the **CONVERT function in Excel **with **ROUND()** and **VLOOKUP()** is,

- Select cell
**F2**, enter the formulaand press*=ROUND(CONVERT(VLOOKUP(E2,A:B,2,0),”C”,”F”),2),***Enter**.

The output is shown above.

[**Output Observation:** First, the **VLOOKUP() **looks up the country name, **Mauritania**, in the first table to return its temperature value in Degree Celsius, **28.34**.

Then the **CONVERT() **accepts **28.34** as the firstargument and the units for Degree Celsius and Fahrenheit, **C, **and **F**, as the second and third arguments. And it returns the temperature value in Degree Fahrenheit, **83.012**.

Finally, the **ROUND() **rounds the temperature value to two decimal places to return the output as **83.01**.]

### Important Things to Note

- The
**CONVERT function in Excel**returns the**#VALUE!**error when the supplied arguments have incorrect data types. - We will get the
**#NAME?**error when we supply the unit arguments directly without double quotations. - The
**CONVERT()**returns the**#N/A**error in three scenarios:- If the supplied unit arguments do not exist.

- The specified unit does not support a binary prefix.

- And, if the provided units belong to different groups.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. Where is the CONVERT function in Excel?**

The **CONVERT function **is in the **Formulas** tab. We must click **Formulas **→ **More Functions **→ **Engineering** → **CONVERT** to apply it in the required cell.

**2. How to utilize the CONVERT() in Excel VBA?**

We can utilize the **CONVERT()** in Excel VBA using the method:**Application.WorksheetFunction.Convert(number,from_unit,to_unit)**

For example, the below table contains a list of numbers and their respective units in columns A and B.

The steps to convert the given values using the **CONVERT() in Excel **and** VBA **are,**• 1: **In the worksheet with the above table, press the keys **Alt **+ **F11** to open the **VBA Editor**.**• 2: **Select the required **VBAProject **and select the option **Insert** → **Module** to open a new Module window, **Module1**.**• 3: **Type the VBA code, as shown in the below image, in the **Module1** window to apply the **CONVERT() **in the target cells.**Sub CONVERT_fn()**

Range(“E2”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.Convert(Range(“A2”), Range(“B2”), Range(“C2”))

Range(“E3”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.Convert(Range(“A3”), Range(“B3”), Range(“C3”))

Range(“E4”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.Convert(Range(“A4”), Range(“B4”), Range(“C4”))**End Sub****• 4: **Click the **Run Sub/UserForm** button in the top menu to execute the entered **VBA code.**

Once we execute the code, we will get the converted numbers in the corresponding target cells, as shown below.

**3. What is the way to convert inches to square feet in Excel?**

We can convert inches to square feet by using the **CONVERT function in Excel**.

For example, the below table contains a list of values in inches.

The steps to convert values using the **CONVERT function in Excel **are**,****• 1: **First, to convert inches to square feet, we will determine the corresponding square inches value for each given inch value. So, select cell **B2**, enter the formula ** =A2*A2**, and press

**Enter**.

**• 2:**Drag the formula from cell

**B2**to

**B5**using the fill handle.

**• 3:**Next, to convert the square inches values to square feet values using the

**CONVERT()**, select cell

**C2**, enter the formula

**, and press**

*=CONVERT(B2,”in^2″,”ft^2″)***Enter**.

**• 4:**Drag the formula from cell

**C2**to

**C5**using the fill handle.

We get the output as shown above.

[

**Output Observation:**The

**CONVERT()**in each target cell takes the corresponding square inches value as the first argument. And the second and third arguments are

**in^2**and

**ft^2**, the units for square inches and square feet.

Thus, the

**CONVERT()**returns the respective square feet values in column C, based on the inputs.]

### Download Template

This article must help understand the **CONVERT function in Excel**, with its formula and examples. We can download the template here to use it instantly.

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