## What Is QUARTILE Function In Excel?

The

QUARTILE Function in Excel helps usersfindquartilesof a dataset. The differentquartilesare the minimum value, firstquartile[middle number between the minimum and median dataset], secondquartile[median of the dataset], thirdquartile[middle value between the median of the dataset and the maximum], and maximum value.

The **QUARTILE Excel function** is a built-in function, so we can insert the formula from the “**Function Library**” or enter it directly in the worksheet.

For example, we will apply the **QUARTILE function** to evaluate the equal portions.

Enter the formulas ** =QUARTILE($A$2:$A$5,0) **in cell

**B2**,

**in cell**

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$5,1)***B3**,

**in cell**

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$5,2)***B4**,

**in cell**

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$5,3)***B5**, and

**in cell**

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$5,4)***B6**. Press “

**Enter**” every time a formula is entered.

The output is shown above. Column C is for our reference.

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**QUARTILE Excel function**is an inbuilt function available as a statistical function in Excel 2007 and before versions. - The
**QUARTILE()**is replaced with**QUARTILE.EXC**and**QUARTILE.INC**and is now available as a compatibility function. - The function divides the dataset into four equal portions, namely, the minimum value, first
**quartile**[middle number between the minimum and median dataset], second**quartile**[median of the dataset], third**quartile**[middle value between the median of the dataset and the maximum], and maximum value. - The
**QUARTILE**function returns a numeric value.

### QUARTILE() Excel Formula

The syntax of the **QUARTILE Excel formula **is,

The arguments of the **QUARTILE Excel formula **are,

: It is a mandatory argument. It is the dataset of numeric values to find the*array***quartile**.: It is a mandatory argument. It indicates the*quart***quartile**value to be returned. It is an integer between 0 and 4, representing the required**quartile**.

### How to Use the QUARTILE Excel Function?

We can use the **QUARTILE Excel Function **in 2 methods, namely,

**Access from the Excel ribbon.****Enter in the worksheet directly.**

#### Method #1 – Access from the Excel ribbon

First, choose an empty cell → select the “**Formulas**” tab → go to the “**Function Library**” group → click the “**More Functions**” option drop-down → click the “**Compatibility**” option right arrow → select the “**QUARTILE**” function, as shown below.

The **“Function Arguments” window appears**. Enter the argument values in the “**Array**” and “**Quart**” fields → click “**OK**”, as shown below.

#### Method #2 – Enter in the worksheet manually

- Select an empty cell for the output.
- Type
**=QUARTILE(**in the selected cell. [Alternatively, type**=Q**and double-click the**QUARTILE function**from the list of suggestions shown by Excel. - Enter the arguments as cell values or excel cell references.
- Close the brackets and press the “
**Enter**” key.

Let us take an example to understand this function.

We will calculate Mr. Raj Mohan’s company sales data **using** **QUARTILE Excel function**.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains Sales.
- Column B contains
**Quartile**Value.

The steps to calculate the equal portion **using** **QUARTILE Excel function** are as follows:

**Select cell C2, enter the formula =QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,B2), [“$A$2:$A$6” is the array value.]****In continuation with the formula, enter the value of ‘quart’ as “B2”, and close the brackets.****Press the “Enter” key. The result is “1543000”, as shown below.****Drag the formula from cell C2 to C6 using the fill handle.****[Note:**If we enter the quart value from 0 to 4 directly in the formula, then we cannot copy the formula. However, if the quart values are entered in a column, like column B in the above table, we can enter as cell references and then drag the formula.]

The output is shown above.

### Examples

We will understand some advanced scenarios with **QUARTILE Excel function examples.**

#### Example #1

We will calculate the set data values, as the **QUARTILE,** as equal portions using the **QUARTILE function**.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains Value.
- Column B contains
**Quartile**Value.

The steps to calculate the equal portion using the **QUARTILE Excel function** are as follows:

**Step 1:**Select cell**C2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$10,B2),***Enter**” key. The result is ‘**1**’, as shown below.

**Step 2: D**rag the formula from cell**C2**to**C6**using the fill handle.

The output is shown above.

#### Example #2

We will calculate the dates, as **QUARTILE**, as equal portions using the **QUARTILE Excel function**.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Value.
- Column B contains
**Quartile**Value.

The steps to calculate the equal portion using the **QUARTILE Excel function** are as follows:

**Step 1:**Select cell**C2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,B2),***Enter**” key. The result is “**11-031980**”, as shown below.

**Step 2: D**rag the formula from cell**C2**to**C6**using the fill handle.

The output is shown above. We can format the output cells to “**Date**” to get accurate results.

#### Example #3

We will calculate the value as percentage data, as **QUARTILE,** as equal portions using the **QUARTILE Excel function**.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains Value.
- Column B contains
**Quartile**Value.

The steps to calculate the equal portion using the **QUARTILE function** are as follows:

**Step 1:**Select cell**C2**, enter the formula, and press the “*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,B2)***Enter**” key. The result is “**4%**”, as shown below.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**C2**to**C6**using the fill handle.

The output is shown above.

#### Example #4

We will calculate the value as time, as the **QUARTILE**, as equal portions using the **QUARTILE Excel function**.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains Value.
- Column B contains
**Quartile**Value.

The steps to calculate the equal portion using the **QUARTILE Excel function** are as follows:

**Step 1:**Select cell**C2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,B2),***Enter**” key. The result is shown below.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**C2**to**C6**using the fill handle.

The output is shown below. We can format the output cells to “**Time**” to get accurate results.

### Important Things to Note

- We get the
**#VALUE!**error occurs when the second argument value is non-numeric. - The
**#NUM!**error occurs,- If the
argument is greater than four or less than 0.*quart* - If the given array is empty.

- If the
- In multiple values datasets, if we enter the
value from 0 to 4 directly in the formula, we cannot copy or drag the formula, as we will get incorrect output. Therefore, create a column with the required*quart*values, and in the formula, enter the cell reference, and then drag the formula.*quart*

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. What does the QUARTILE function do in Excel?**

The **QUARTILE Excel function** returns the **quartile** of a given data set. The financial analyst uses the function to determine a specific percentage of income in a population. The function is very useful in revenue analysis.

The syntax of the **QUARTILE** function is *=QUARTILE(array,quart)*

**2. How does the QUARTILE function work in Excel?**

We can use the **QUARTILE Excel function** as follows:**1. **Select an empty cell for the output.**2.** Type **=QUARTILE(** in the selected cell. [Alternatively, type **=Q** and double-click the **QUARTILE function **from the list of suggestions shown by Excel.**3. **Enter the arguments as cell values or cell references.**4. **Close the brackets and press the “**Enter**” key.

For example, we will evaluate the equal portions of the given values in the below table using the **QUARTILE Excel function.**

Enter the formulas, ** =QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,0) **in cell

**B2**,

**in cell**

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,1)***B3,**in cell

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,2)***B4,**in cell

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,3)***B4,**and

**in cell**

*=QUARTILE($A$2:$A$6,4)***B5.**Press the “

**Enter**” key every time a formula is entered.

The output is shown above. Column C is for our reference.

**3. Where is the QUARTILE Function in Excel?**

The **QUARTILE Function in Excel **is found in the formulas tab, as follows:

First, choose an empty cell → select the “**Formulas**” tab → go to the “**Function Library**” group → click the “**More Functions**” option drop-down → click the “**Compatibility**” option right arrow à select the “**QUARTILE**” function, as shown below.

### Download Template

This article must help understand the **QUARTILE Excel function’s** formula and examples. You can download the template here to use it instantly.

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This has been a guide to QUARTILE Excel Function. Here we explain how to use QUARTILE Formula along with examples & downloadable excel template. You can learn more from the following articles –

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