## What Is NETWORKDAYS Function In Excel?

The

NETWORKDAYS function in Excelcalculates the total working days between any two given dates, excluding the weekends and specified holiday. This function is used to calculate employee settlements based on the tenure. TheNETWORKDAYS Excel functionis an inbuilt function so that we can insert the formula from the “Function Library” or enter it directly in the worksheet.

For example, the below table contains a list of start dates, end dates, and a holiday list in the **Date** format. We will count the working dates, excluding weekends and holidays.

Enter the formulas as follows:

**=NETWORKDAYS(A2,B2)**in cell**D2**.**=NETWORKDAYS(A3,B3)**in cell**D3**.**=NETWORKDAYS(A4,B4,C4)**in cell**D4**.**=NETWORKDAYS(A5,B5,C5:C7)**in cell**D5**.

The output is shown above. **D2** and **D3** without entering the holidays argument. On the other hand, **D4** and **D5** exclude the specified holidays and weekends. Column **E,** for our reference, shows the formulas used in column **D.**

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**NETWORKDAYS Excel function**calculates the total workdays between two given dates, excluding weekends and specified holidays. - If we want to exclude the specified holidays from the workday count that fall on weekends, then the
**NETWORKDAYS()**counts them as weekends, thus excluding only one instance of such dates from the workday count calculation. - We can use the
**NETWORKDAYS()**with other Excel functions such as**EOMONTH, DATE(),**and**IF**(). - If the
falls after the*start_date*i.e., if the*end_date*,precedes the*end_date*then the*start_date,***NETWORKDAYS Excel function**returns a negative number.

### NETWORKDAYS() Excel Formula

The syntax of the **NETWORKDAYS Excel formula **is:

The arguments of the **NETWORKDAYS Excel formula **are:

: A date representing the initial date. It is a mandatory argument.*start_date*: A date representing the end date. It is a mandatory argument.*end_date*: One or more holidays to exclude while calculating the work days. It is an optional mandatory argument.*holidays*

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### How to Use NETWORKDAYS Excel Function?

We can use the **NETWORKDAYS Excel Function** in 2 methods, namely,

**Access from the Ribbon in Excel.****Enter in the worksheet manually.**

#### Method #1 – Access from the Excel ribbon

First, choose an empty cell → select the “**Formulas**” tab → go to the “**Function Library**” → click the “**Date & Time**” option drop-down → select the “**NETWORKDAYS**” function, as shown below.

The “**Function Arguments**” window appears. Enter the argument values in the “** Start_date**”, “

**”, and “**

*End_date***” fields → click “**

*Holidays***OK**”, as shown below.

#### Method #2 – Enter in the worksheet manually

First, ensure the date values are in **Date** format in the source data.

- Select an empty cell.
- Type
**=NETWORKDAYS(**in the cell. [Alternatively, type**=N**and select the**NETWORKDAYS**function from the Excel suggestions.] - Enter the arguments as values or cell references in Excel.
- Close the brackets.
- Finally, press the “
**Enter**” key.

Let us take an example to understand this funciton.

We will calculate and display the number of working days for the **NETWORKDAYS Excel function example.**

In the following image, the first table contains a list of start and end dates, the second table shows a holiday list, and column C contains the requirements to count the number of workdays between the two given dates in each row, considering the holiday list in the second table.

The steps to calculate the days for the **NETWORKDAYS Excel function example **are:

**First, select cell D2, enter the formula =NETWORKDAYS(A2,B2), and press the “Enter” key.**

[The requirement is to exclude only the weekends. So, the mandatory arguments are given as input, and the optional argument holidays is ignored. The result is**21**, i.e., the number of workdays.]

[Alternatively, select cell**D2**, click**Formulas**→**Date & Time**→**NETWORKDAYS**.

The**Function Arguments**window opens. Enter the argument values as shown below.

Click “**OK**”.**Select cell D3, enter the formula =NETWORKDAYS(A3,B3,G5), and press the “Enter” key.**

[As per the holiday list in the second table, February has one holiday in cell G5. The requirement is to exclude the weekends and holidays in February. So, the function accepts cell references to the given dates in columns A and B,**01-02-2022**and**25-02-2022**, and the holiday date,**21-02-2022**. And thus, the**NETWORKDAYS Excel function return value**in the target cell**D3**is**18**.]**Next, select cell D4, enter the formula =NETWORKDAYS(A4,B4,G6), and press the “Enter” key.**

[Here, the requirement is similar to the previous step, except we need to exclude the holidays in April along with the weekends. But as per the holiday list in the second table, there is one holiday in April. And it falls on a weekend. So, instead of considering the holiday date,**17-04-2022**, as a weekend and a holiday,**NETWORKDAYS()**counts it only as a weekend. And thus, the function excludes nine weekend dates to return the total working days in April as**21**.]**Select cell D5, enter the formula =NETWORKDAYS(A5,B5,G3:G8), and press the “Enter” key.**

[As we need to exclude all the holidays mentioned in the holiday list in the second table, the**NETWORKDAYS()**takes the argument**holidays**as a cell range,**C3:C8**. And as the holidays,**01-01-2022**and**17-04-2022**, fall on weekends, the function considers them as weekends. So, it excludes all the weekends between**01-01-2022**and**31-07-2022**and the four holidays listed in the second table,**17-01-2022**,**21-02-2022**,**30-05-2022**, and**04-07-2022**. And thus, the function returns the working days count as**146**.]**Then, select cell D6, enter the formula =NETWORKDAYS(“01-05-2022″,”15-06-2022″,”30-05-2022”), and press the “Enter” key.**

[Here, the requirement is similar to that explained in step 2. But the above formula shows we can also enter the specific dates in double quotes as the**NETWORKDAYS()**arguments.]**Select cell D7, enter the formula =NETWORKDAYS(A7,B7), and press the “Enter” key.**

[In row 7, the start date falls after the end date. And hence, the**NETWORKDAYS Excel function returns a negative number**as the count of working days in the specified period,**-65**.]

Next, we will insert a new row, i.e., row 8, in the first table, as shown below.**Finally, select cell D8, enter the formula =NETWORKDAYS(A8,B8), and press the “Enter” key.**

The final output is shown above in column D as per the conditions in column C.

[**Output Observation:**We will get an error when applying the**NETWORKDAYS()**in cell**D8**, because cell**B8**value,**31-06-2022**, provided as theargument, is an invalid date. So, once we correct the cell*end_date***B8**value, it will eliminate the error.]

### Examples

We will understand some advanced scenarios **using** **NETWORKDAYS Excel function**.

#### Example #1

We will calculate the total hours worked during the working days using the **NETWORKDAYS Excel function**. We must calculate the total number of working days in the given periods and determine the total hours worked on the workdays in each row.

In the below image, the first table shows the first and last working dates and the per-day working hours. And the second table contains the holiday list.

The steps to calculate the total hours using the **NETWORKDAYS Excel function **are:

**1:**Select cell**D2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=NETWORKDAYS(A2,B2,$G$3:$G$5),***Enter”**key.

**2:**Next, select cell**E2**, enter theformula, and press the “*=D2*C2***Enter**” key.

**3:**Select cells**D2:E2**and drag the formulas using the fill handle to the corresponding row 3 cells,**D3:E3**.

The output is shown above.

[**Output Observation:** In row 2, as the listed holidays do not fall in the given duration, the **NETWORKDAYS() **returns the net workdays excluding the weekends, **44**. However, in row 3, the three listed holidays fall within the first and last working dates. So, the function excludes them and the weekends to return the net workdays, **40**.

And finally, the formulas in cells **E2:E3** multiply the calculated net workdays with the per day working hours, **7.5**, in each row to achieve the required data.]

#### Example #2

We will calculate the number of workdays between each start date and the month’s end using the **NETWORKDAYS Excel function **with **EOMONTH().**

The table below contains a list of start dates for each month from January to December. And we need the monthly net workdays to display them in column B. Assume there is no holiday list, and we need to exclude only weekends.

The steps to calculate the days using the **NETWORKDAYS Excel function **with **EOMONTH() **are:

**Step 1:**Select cell**B2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=NETWORKDAYS(A2,EOMONTH(A2,0)),***Enter**” key. The result is**21**, as shown below.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**B2**to**B13**using the fill handle.

The output is shown above.

[**Output Observation:** First, the **EOMONTH() **returns serial number **44561**, representing the last date of December **31-12-2021**. And then, the **NETWORKDAYS() **accepts the start date in cell A13, **1-12-2022**, as the first argument and **EOMONTH()** return value as the second argument. So thus, it returns the total working days in the resulting period excluding weekends, **23**.]

#### Example #3

We will calculate the number of workdays between dates using the **NETWORKDAYS function **along with **DATE function**, and **IF function in excel**.

The below image shows three tables. The first table contains the holiday list, and the second shows workday wage conditions. And the third table contains the year for which we must calculate the annual salary based on the given workday calculation and workday wage conditions.

The steps to use **NETWORKDAYS(), DATE() **and **IF()** are:

**Step 1:**Select cell**H6**, enter the formulaand press the “*=IF(NETWORKDAYS(DATE(F6,1,1),DATE(F6,12,31))>=251,NETWORKDAYS (DATE(F6,1,1),DATE(F6,12,31))*120,NETWORKDAYS(DATE(F6,1,1),DATE(F6,12,31)) *90),***Enter**” key.

**Step 2:**Select cell**H7**, enter the formulaand press the “*=IF(NETWORKDAYS(DATE(F7,1,1),DATE(F7,12,31),B3:B13)>=251,NETWORKDAYS (DATE(F7,1,1),DATE(F7,12,31),B3:B13)*120,NETWORKDAYS(DATE(F7,1,1),DATE (F7,12,31),B3:B13)*90),***Enter**” key.

The output is shown above.

[**Output Observation:** Cell **H6** formula accepts only the start and end dates the **DATE() **returns while ignoring the argument **holidays**. As a result, it returns the net workdays, **260**. And as the **IF** condition holds, the **IF()** returns the product of the determined net workdays, **260** and **120**, **$31200**.

Likewise, the formula in the target cell **H7** works similarly. But the only difference is that the **NETWORKDAYS() **excludes weekends and the **nine **holidays falling on weekdays in the specified cell range, **B3:B13**,** **while calculating the net working days.]

### Important Things to Note

- Ensure the date values we provide to the
**NETWORKDAYS Excel function**have the data format set as**Date**. - When the
and*start_date*arguments have the same date value, the*end_date***NETWORKDAYS()**return value is**1**, as the function counts the start and end dates. - We get the
**#VALUE!**error for invalid argument values.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. Where is the NETWORKDAYS function in Excel?**

The **NETWORKDAYS **function in Excel is in the **Formulas** tab. Click **Formulas **→** Date & Time** → **NETWORKDAYS**.

**2. Does the NETWORKDAYS() include weekends and holidays?**

The **NETWORKDAYS() **does not include weekends by default. The functions excluded the holidays when specified while calculating the workdays between two given dates.

**3. How to use NETWORKDAYS in Excel VBA?**

We can use **NETWORKDAYS** in Excel VBA using the method:**Application.WorksheetFunction.NETWORKDAYS( start_date,end_date,holidays)**

Let us see how to calculate the net workdays in the duration specified in each row using

**NETWORKDAYS**and

**VBA**with an example.

The following table contains the start and end dates in columns A and B and holidays in column C.

The steps to using the

**NETWORKDAYS**in

**VBA**are:

**• 1:**In the current worksheet, press the shortcut keys

**Alt**+

**F11**to open the

**VBA Editor**

**• 2:**Then choose the required

**VBAProject**and select

**Insert**→

**Module**in the top menu to open the

**Module1**window.

**• 3:**Enter the VBA code, shown in the below image, in the module 1 window to apply the

**NETWORKDAYS()**on the specific target cells.

**Sub NETWORKDAYS_fn()**

Range(“D2”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.NetworkDays(Range(“A2”), range(“B2”), Range(“C2”))

Range(“D3”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.NetworkDays(Range(“A3”), range(“B3”))

Range(“D4”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.NetworkDays(Range(“A4”), range(“B4”), Range(“C4:C5”))

**End Sub**

**• 4:**Click the

**Run Sub/UserForm**icon to run the

**Module1**code.

Finally, if we open the active worksheet, we will see the

**NETWORKDAYS()**executed and the required results in the target cells

**D2:D4**.

**[Please Note:**In row 2, the final date and holiday are the same. However, as the holiday is a weekday, the

**NETWORKDAYS()**counts it as a holiday and excludes it along with the weekends while calculating the net workdays.]

### Download Template

This article must help understand the **NETWORKDAYS Excel function**, with its formula and examples. We can download the template here to use it instantly.

### Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to NETWORKDAYS Excel Function. Here we use formula to find working days, EOMONTH, DATE & IF, examples & a downloadable excel template. You can learn more from the following articles –

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