VBA IsNumeric

What is the VBA IsNumeric Function in Excel?

Excel has a built-in function called the VBA IsNumeric that checks if an expression may be evaluated as a number. It is frequently used in Excel programming to guard against mistakes that can happen while manipulating non-numeric values mathematically. When the expression is recognized as a numeric value, the function returns True; otherwise, it returns False. In Excel VBA programs, this function is essential for managing errors and validating data.

Let us look at an example. Here, the subroutine “CheckNumericStatus” is designed to assess the numeric status of values within a specific range (A1:A10) in an Excel worksheet. A Range variable named “TargetCell” is declared to navigate through each cell in the loop. After evaluation, either True or False, is then written to a cell two columns to the right of the original (targetCell.Offset(0, 1).Value). With this method, data in a column can be reviewed quickly and easily, and neighboring cells can be marked to indicate whether or not their corresponding values are numeric. It provides a quick and easy way to see what kinds of data are present throughout the evaluated range.

VBA IsNumeric - Definition Example - 1
VBA IsNumeric - Definition Example - 2
Key Takeaways
  • VBA IsNumeric is a versatile function used to determine if an expression is a number or not. It is capable of validating various numeric formats, making it essential for robust data handling in VBA.
  • By distinguishing numeric from non-numeric values, plays a key role in preventing runtime errors in mathematical operations.
  • Ensure the expression passed to VBA IsNumeric is not of a type that inherently cannot be converted to a number, such as an object or an array, to avoid a type mismatch error.
  • The VBA IsNumeric function can handle different numeric formats, including integers, decimals, and numbers in scientific notation.


The syntax of the VBA IsNumeric function is straightforward.

  • expression: This is the variable or value you want to test for numeric evaluation. It can be any data type.

How to Use the VBA IsNumeric Function?

Using the VBA IsNumeric function involves a few simple steps:

  1. Open Excel and press ALT + F11 to open the VBA editor.

    How to Use the VBA IsNumeric Function - Step 1

  2. Insert a new module by clicking on “Insert” in the menu and selecting “Module.”

    How to Use the VBA IsNumeric Function - Step 2

  3. Start by defining a new subroutine within the module you’ve just inserted.

    For example: Sub CheckNumeric()

  4. Depending on your needs, declare any variables you intend to use.

    For simple checks, you might not need to explicitly declare variables, but for more complex logic or looping through ranges, variable declaration is helpful.

    For example: Dim myValue As Variant

  5. Within your subroutine, use the VBA IsNumeric function to check if a value is numeric.

    Assign a value to myValue (or directly use a value or cell reference) and use IsNumeric to evaluate it.

    For example:

    myValue = “123”
    If IsNumeric(myValue) Then
        MsgBox myValue & ” is numeric”
        MsgBox myValue & ” is not numeric”
    End If

  6. To run your subroutine, press F5 while in the VBA editor or use the “Run” button.

  7. After running your subroutine, a message box will appear indicating whether the value checked was numeric or not, based on the logic you’ve implemented.


Example #1

This example shows you how to loop over a range of cells in a column and determine whether or not a numerical value is present in each cell. It enters the outcome (True or False) in the cell next to it.

VBA IsNumeric in Excel - Example 1
  • Step 1: Begin by defining a new subroutine named IsNumeric_CheckColumn for your code.
Example 1 - Step 1
  • Step 2: Declare a variable named cell that will represent each cell within a Range object during the loop.
Example 1 - Step 2
  • Step 3: Initiate a loop that will iterate over each cell within the range A2:A7.
Example 1 - Step 3
  • Step 4: Within the loop, this line evaluates whether the value in the current cell is numeric and writes the Boolean result (True or False) into the adjacent cell to the right.
 Example 1 - Step 4
  • Step 5: This marks the end of the loop, which repeats for each cell in the range.
Example 1 - Step 5
  • Step 6: Run the code

Upon running this code, each cell in the designated range is methodically examined for numeric values. The results are directly sent to the neighboring cells on the right, giving you a quick visual reference to the various data kinds in your column.

VBA IsNumeric in Excel - Example 1 - Step 6

Here is the complete code:

Sub IsNumeric_CheckColumn()
Dim cell As Range
For Each cell In Range(“A2:A7”)
cell.Offset(0, 1).Value = IsNumeric(cell.Value)
Next cell
End Sub

Example #2

This example shows you how to apply VBA IsNumeric on a row that contains text, numbers, and strings, among other mixed data types. After analyzing every cell, the result is displayed in the row immediately below.

VBA IsNumeric in Excel - Example 2
  • Step 1: Start by defining a new subroutine named IsNumeric_MixedDataTypes.
Example 2 - Step 1
  • Step 2: Declare a Range object variable named cell to represent each cell that will be examined in the loop.
Example 2 - Step 2
  • Step 3: Begin a loop that will traverse each cell within the range A2:F2, encompassing a row.
Example 2 - Step 3
  • Step 4: For each cell in the row, this line checks if the value is numeric and writes the result directly below the examined cell.

This line ends the loop, allowing the script to move on to the next cell until the end of the range is reached.

Example 2 - Step 4
  • Step 5: Now click on run.

When you run this macro, it assesses each cell in the specified row for numeric content, documenting the findings (True or False) in the row immediately beneath.

VBA IsNumeric in Excel - Example 2 - Step 5

Here is the complete code:

Sub IsNumeric_MixedDataTypes()
Dim cell As Range
For Each cell In Range(“A2:F2”)
cell.Offset(1, 0).Value = IsNumeric(cell.Value)
Next cell
End Sub

Example #3

In this example, we will see how to handle special cases, such as empty cells and cells containing special characters or symbols, showcasing the VBA IsNumeric function’s ability to identify numeric values accurately.

VBA IsNumeric in Excel - Example 3
  • Step 1: Define a new subroutine called IsNumeric_SpecialCases, preparing to write the script that follows.
Example 3 - Step 1
  • Step 2: Declare a Range object variable named cell for looping purposes and another Range object named TestRange, specifically setting it to the range A1:A10.
Example 3 - Step 2
  • Step 3: This line initiates a loop through each cell within TestRange, allowing individual analysis.
 Example 3 - Step 3
  • Step 4: Within the loop, this segment first checks if a cell is empty, marking it as “Empty Cell” in the adjacent cell if true. Otherwise, it evaluates the cell’s content for numeric values, writing the result to the right.
Example 3 - Step 4
  • Step 5: This command signifies the completion of the looping process. The script will iterate through each cell in the defined range, performing the specified checks and actions for each one.
Example 3 - Step 5
  • Step 6: Now, save the macro and click on run. When the code is run, it processes each cell within the specified range (A1:A10). It checks if each cell is empty, marking adjacent cells with “Empty Cell” when true.

For non-empty cells, it evaluates whether the content is numeric and records the result (True or False) in the cell directly to the right.

Excel VBA IsNumeric - Example 3 - Step 6

Here is the complete code:

Sub IsNumeric_SpecialCases()
Dim cell As Range
Dim TestRange As Range
Set TestRange = Range(“A1:A10”)
For Each cell In TestRange
If cell.Value = “” Then
cell.Offset(0, 1).Value = “Empty Cell”
cell.Offset(0, 1).Value = IsNumeric(cell.Value)
End If
Next cell
End Sub

Important Things to Note

  • When using the VBA IsNumeric empty cell, the function will return False, as it interprets the lack of content as non-numeric.
  • Since VBA IsNumeric is intended to precisely determine the numeric potential of a given input, it is imperative that you confirm that the data or expression being assessed is appropriate for numeric validation if you run into a situation where VBA IsNumeric not working as planned.
  • A VBA IsNumeric type mismatch error typically occurs when the function is passed an argument that it cannot evaluate, such as an object or array.
  • When working with a VBA IsNumeric range, it is important to iterate through the range cell by cell, applying the VBA IsNumeric function to each individually, to determine their numeric status, effectively facilitating targeted data validation within specified cell ranges.
  • The VBA IsNumeric returns False for empty cells since they are not considered numeric.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Are there alternative methods to IsNumeric for numeric validation in VBA?

Yes, there are other ways in VBA besides the VBA IsNumeric function to validate numbers. To ascertain the kind of data in a variable, one popular solution is to use the TypeName or “VarType” functions; however, these approaches might need further logic to validate numeric data types.

RegEx, or regular expressions, can also be used for more complicated validations, including verifying the forms of numeric strings.

Furthermore, one can write custom validation procedures to accommodate particular number formats or requirements that VBA IsNumeric may not directly address.

2. Can the IsNumeric function be used to validate negative numbers?

Yes, negative values can be validated using the VBA IsNumeric function. It is a dependable option for a variety of numeric validation applications, including checking for negative numbers, as it returns True for every string or numeric expression that represents a valid negative (or positive) integer.

3. Does the IsNumeric function recognize numbers in exponential notation?

Yes, the IsNumeric function does recognize numbers in exponential (scientific) notation. Examples of expressions that the VBA IsNumeric considers numeric are expressions like “1E+02,” which represents 100, and returns True.

Because of this characteristic, it can be applied to a variety of fields, such as scientific computing, where exponential notation is frequently used.

4. Can the IsNumeric function be used to validate arrays or ranges of cells?

Since the VBA IsNumeric function is meant to evaluate individual expressions at a time, it is unable to directly check arrays or ranges of cells in a single call.

However, you may use a loop to iterate through every element in an array or every cell in a range, applying the VBA IsNumeric to each one as you go. This approach, which needs a little more code to accomplish, enables the validation of numerical data across arrays or cell ranges.

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This has been a guide to VBA IsNumeric. Here we learn IsNumeric function and how to use it in Excel VBA with examples and points to remember. You can learn more from the following articles –

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