## What Is CEILING Function In Excel?

The

CEILING function in Excelrounds up the numeric value from the dataset to its immediate or closest multiple as required or set in the formula. Users can use it to perform tasks, such as setting the rates after currency conversions during financial analysis.

The **Excel CEILING function** is an inbuilt **Math & Trig** function, so we can enter the formula directly in the worksheet or insert it from the “Function Library”. However, the CEILING.MATH() is replaced in Excel version 2013, and **CEILING()** is now available as a **Compatibility** function in Excel. For example, the below table shows a list of input values and the number rounding-up requirements.

Let us use the **Excel CEILING function** to get the rounded-up values. Select cell **C2**, enter the formula **=CEILING(A2,7)**, and press the “**Enter**” key.

**[Note:** We entered the cell value instead of the cell reference. Therefore, we cannot drag the formula. So, insert the formulas shown in column **D,** in the column **C** cells, respectively.]

The output is shown above in column C, each as per the set multiple.

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**Excel CEILING function**rounds up the values, which may be any numeric value as fractions, integers, or negative numbers, to the nearest required multiple. - The
**CEILING()**accepts two mandatory arguments as input,, and*number*.*significance* - For a negative
and*number*, the*significance***CEILING()**returns a number rounded down away from**0**. And for a negativeand positive*number*, the*significance***CEILING()**rounds up the value towards**0**. - We can use Excel conditional functions such as
**ISODD()**and**ISEVEN()**along with the**CEILING() function to**apply conditional formatting and highlight the output.

### CEILING() Excel Formula

The **Excel CEILING formula** syntax is:

The **Excel CEILING formula** arguments are:

*number**:*The numeric value we desire to round up. It is a mandatory argument.: The multiple we require to round up the specified*significance*. It is a mandatory argument.*number*

[**Special Note**: The **Excel CEILING function properties** to understand before applying the function.]

- Whether the supplied numeric value is positive or negative, the
**CEILING()**will round it up to a value away from zero. - No rounding-up occurs if the number is an
**exact multiple**of the specified significance value. - If both arguments are negative, the
**CEILING()**rounds down the numeric value away from**0**. - When the argument number is negative, and the argument
*significance***CEILING()**rounds up the supplied number to a value closer to**0**. - If the
argument is positive and the*number**significance***CEILING()**will return the**#NUM!**error. - The
**CEILING()**will return the**#VALUE!**error, if we supply non-numeric arguments, - For the
argument value of*significance***0**, the**CEILING function**output will be**#DIV/0!**error.

### How to Use CEILING Excel Function?

We can use the **Excel CEILING function **in 2 methods, namely,

**Access from the Excel ribbon.****Enter in the worksheet manually.**

#### Method #1 – Access from the Excel Ribbon

First, choose the cell for the output → select the “**Formulas**” tab → go to the “**Function Library**” → click the “**More Functions…**” drop-down → click the “**Compatibility**” option right arrow → select the “**Ceiling**” function, as shown below.

The “**Function Arguments**” window pops up. Enter the “**Number**” and “**Significance**” fields, as cell values or Excel cell references.

#### Method #2 – Enter in the Worksheet Manually

- Select the cell for the output.
- Type the formula
**=CEILING(**in the selected cell. [Alternatively, type**=C**and double-click the**CEILING()**function from the Excel suggestions.] - Enter the
arguments in proper number format and the*number*argument as values or cell references.*significance* - Close the brackets. Press the “
**Enter**” key.

Let us take an example to explain this function. We will round off the Price Increase/Drop values using the **Excel CEILING function.**

The table below provides a list of items and the price increase and drops.

The steps to round the numeric values using the **Excel CEILING function **are:

**Select cell D2, enter the formula =CEILING(B2,C2), and press the “Enter” key.**

[Alternatively, select cell**D2**and click**Formulas**→**More Functions**→**Compatibility**→**CEILING**to open the**Function Arguments**window.

The “**Function Arguments**” window opens.

Enter the values or cell references in theand*numbers*fields as shown below.*significance*

Click**OK**. We will get the required output in cell**D2**.]**Drag the formula from cell D2 to cell D11 using the fill handle.**

The output is shown above.**[Note:**We can directly enter the values as the function arguments instead of the cell references to the specific values. For example, the formula in the target cell**D11**can also be:*=CEILING(-23.33,-2)*]

### Examples

We will understand the **Excel CEILING function **with some advanced scenarios.

#### Example #1

We will see how the function works using the when the ** number** argument is an Integer

**.**

The following table shows stationery items as integers and their respective significance values.

Step-by-Step procedure to round up the integer values using the **Excel CEILING function** are:

**1:**Select cell**D2**, enter the formula**=CEILING(B2,C2),**and press the “**Enter**” key.

**2:**Drag the formula from cell**D2**to**D7**using the fill handle.

The output is shown above. The quantity values appear more presentable.

[**Output Observation:** Let us consider the first entry (**Pen**) to see how the **CEILING() **works. The ** number **argument is

**212**, and the

**argument is**

*significance***50**. So, the multiples of

**50**are

**50**,

**100**,

**150**,

**200**,

**250**,

**300**, and so on. And the nearest multiple of significance to which we can round up the number

**212**is

**250**. Thus, the

**CEILING()**output in cell D2 is

**250**.]

#### Example #2

We will see how the function behaves when the argument ** number** is a fraction using the

**Excel CEILING function.**

The following table shows a list of fruits and their quantity details.

Step-by-Step procedure to round up the fraction values using the **Excel CEILING function** are:

**1:**Select cell**E2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=CEILING(C2,D2),***Enter**” key.

**2:**Drag the formula from cell**E2**to**E6**using the fill handle.

The output is shown above.

**[Output Observation:** When the ** number **argument is a fraction, the

**CEILING()**rounds up the value with the

**argument specifying the number of digits required after the decimal point.**

*significance*For example, the quantity in cell C4 is **53.013835**, and the corresponding ** significance** value is

**0.001**. It implies we must round up the value

**53.013835**to three decimal places. So, the immediate round-up value after 53.013 is

**53.014**, the

**CEILING function**excel output in the target cell E4.

When the ** significance** argument is

**1**, there are no digits after the decimal point. And as both arguments are positive, the round-up should be away from zero. So, the fraction gets rounded up to the immediate next integer value.]

#### Example #3

We can use the **Excel CEILING function** with other functions, such as **ROW()**, **ISEVEN()**, and **ISODD()**, and we can also use the conditional formatting feature to highlight the output.

The following table contains employees’ check-in and check-out times on a weekend.

Step-by-Step procedure to use the **CEILING function **with** ROW()**, **ISEVEN()**, and **ISODD() **functions and conditional formatting are:

**1:**Select cell range**A2:E11**→ select the “**Home**” tab → go to the “Styles” group → click the “**Conditional Formatting**” drop-down → select the “**New Rule**” option to open the**New Formatting Rule**window.

**2:**In the “**New Formatting Rule**” window,- Choose the “
**Use a formula to determine which cells to format**” option in the “**Select a Rule Type:**” group. - In the “
**Edit the Rule Description:**” group, enter the formulain the “*=ISODD(CEILING(ROW()-3,2)/2)***Format values where this formula is true:**” field. - Click the “
**Format**” button.

- Choose the “

**3:**The “**Format Cells**” window opens. Now, click the “**Fill**” tab → go to the “**Background Color**” group → choose the required color from the color palette, here, “**Green**” → click “**OK**” to close the “**Format Cells**” window.

**4:**Click “**OK**” to close the “**New Formatting Rule**” window.

The output is shown below.

**[Output Observation:** Here is how the **CEILING()** formula works.

Consider the third row of the selected dataset (Row 4 – **Pedro Watkins**’s data). The **ROW() **will return the value **4**. So the **CEILING** function becomes **CEILING(4-3,2)**, that is, **CEILING(1,2)**, which returns **2**. Because **2 **is the nearest multiple of significance, **2**, the number **1 **can get rounded up, using the **CEILING()**.

Then, the **ISODD **function becomes **ISODD(2/2)**, that is, **ISODD(1)**, which returns **TRUE**. And so, row 4 gets shaded.]

### Important Things To Note

- The
**Excel CEILING function**works for positive and negative numeric values. It rounds them up to a value away from**0**. - If the arguments supplied to the
**CEILING()**are non-numeric or cell references to non-numeric values, the function returns the**#VALUE!**error. - For a positive
and negative*number*, the*significance***CEILING()**output will be**#NUM!**error. - If the
argument value is*significance***0**, the**CEILING()**will return the**#DIV/0!**Error.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. Where is the CEILING function in Excel?**

The **CEILING** function in Excel is in the **Formulas** tab. Click **Formulas** → **More Functions** → **Compatibility** → **CEILING** to access it.

**2. How to use the CEILING() in Excel VBA?**

We can use the** CEILING() **in Excel VBA as follows:

The following table contains values for the two **CEILING()** arguments, ** number**, and

**.**

*significance*Step-by-Step procedure to update column C with the rounded-up numbers using the

**Excel**

**CEILING**

**function**and

**VBA Macro**are:

**1:**In the worksheet with the above table, press the keyboard shortcut

**Alt**+

**F11**to open the

**VBA Editor**window.

**2:**Choose the required VBA Project from the left menu in the

**VBA Editor**window and click

**Insert**→

**Module**to open the

**Module1**window.

The module window opens, as shown below.

**3:**Enter the

**VBA code**containing the

**CEILING**function in the

**Module1**window, as shown in the image below.

**Sub Ceiling_fn()**

Dim rv As Worksheet

Set rv = Worksheets(“FAQ2”)

rv.Range(“C2”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.Ceiling_Math(rv.Range(“A2”), rv.Range(“B2”))

rv.Range(“C3”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.Ceiling_Math(rv.Range(“A3”), rv.Range(“B3”))

rv.Range(“C4”) = Application.WorksheetFunction.Ceiling_Math(rv.Range(“A4”), rv.Range(“B4”))

**End Sub**

**4:**Click the Run Sub/UserForm icon to run the code.

The output is shown below. Once we run the code, the rounded-up values generate in the target cells.

[Note: The CEILING.MATH() replaced

**CEILING()**in Excel version 2013. So, the VBA code uses the “

**Application.WorksheetFunction.Ceiling_Math()**” to round up the values.]

**3. Why is the CEILING function not working in Excel?**

A few reasons the **CEILING** function is not working in Excel are:**·** The supplied **CEILING() **arguments are non-numeric.**· **One of the arguments, i.e., the significance argument, maybe **0**.**· T**he ** number **argument is positive, and the

**argument is negative.**

*significance***4. What is the use of the CEILING function in Excel?**

The use of the** CEILING** **function in Excel** is that it rounds up the given numeric value to the immediate next multiple of the specified significance.

For example, we can set up the price values after currency conversions.

### Download Template

This article must help understand the **Excel CEILING function**, with its formula and examples. We can download the template here to use it instantly.

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