## What Is ISNA Function In Excel?

The

ISNA function in Excelchecks the cell values and states if the value is an “#N/A” error or not. The function returnsTRUEif the specified value is#N/Aerror andFALSEotherwise.

The **ISNA Excel function **is an inbuilt function, so we can insert the formula from the “**Functions Library**” or enter it directly in the worksheet. For example, the below table contains a list of values in column A to check for **#N/A** error*.*

Select cell **B2**, enter the formula **=ISNA(A2),** and press the “**Enter**” key. Then, drag the formula from cell **B2** to **B10** using the fill handle. The output is shown below. Column C is for our reference.

[**Output Observation:** The result is **TRUE** only in the target cell **B4**, as the source data in cell **A4** is the **#N/A **error. The **ISNA()** output is **FALSE** in the corresponding target cells in column B, as no other cell in column A contains the **#N/A **error.]

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**ISNA function in Excel**checks if the given value is a**#N/A**error. And if the specified value is**#N/A**error, the function returns**TRUE**, else**FALSE**. - We can use the
**ISNA()**with the**IF()**and**MATCH()**to return a customized output instead of the**#N/A error**or the default logical results**TRUE**or**FALSE**. - We can also use
**ISNA()**with other Excel functions such as**FIND()**and**SUMPRODUCT().** - When we directly enter the
**#N/A**error as the argument, i.e.,**ISNA(#N/A)**, the output will be**TRUE**. However, if we provide the**value**argument as**#N/A**within double quotations (**“#N/A”**), the**ISNA function in Excel**will return the logical value**FALSE**as the output.

### ISNA() Excel Formula

The syntax of the **ISNA Excel formula** is:

The argument of the **ISNA Excel formula** is:

: The value or expression required to test for the*value***#N/A**error. It is a mandatory argument.

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### How To Use ISNA Excel Function?

We can use the **ISNA Excel Function **in 2 methods, namely,

**Access from the Excel ribbon.****Enter in the worksheet manually.**

#### Method #1 – Access from the Excel ribbon

First, choose an empty cell for the output → select the “**Formulas**” tab → go to the “**Functions Library**” group → click the “**More Functions**” option drop-down → click the “**Information**” option right arrow → select the “**ISNA**” function, as shown below.

The “**Function Arguments**” window pops up. Enter the argument value in the “**Value**” field → click “**OK**”, as shown below.

#### Method #2 – Enter in the worksheet manually

- Select an empty cell for the output.
- Type
**=ISNA(**in the cell. [Alternatively, type**=IS**and select the**ISNA**function for the Excel suggestions.] - Enter the argument as cell values or cell references in Excel and close the brackets.
- Finally, press the “
**Enter**” key to view the result.

Let us take an example. Here, we will check if each value is a **#N/A** error or not **using** **ISNA function **and the **IF() **Excel function.

The following table contains different data values in column A.

The steps to find the **#N/A **error **using** **ISNA function in Excel **and the **IF() **function are:

**Select cell B2, enter the formula =IF(ISNA(A2), “The value is #N/A error”,A2), and press the “Enter” key.****Drag the formula from cell B2 to B10 using the fill handle.**

We get the output as shown above.

[**Output Observation:**Cells**A6**and**A9**have the**#N/A**error, so the corresponding cells**B6**and**B9**return the conditional result, and all the other cells return the same value according to the**IF()**condition.]

### Examples

We will understand some advanced scenarios with the **ISNA function in Excel examples**.

#### Example #1

We will use the **ISNA **with **FIND function in Excel** to display the phrases’ positions.

The following table contains text values in column A and the phrase to find in column B.

The steps to find the #N/A error using the **ISNA function in Excel **with **FIND() **functions are:

**Step 1:**Select cell**C2**, enter the formula, and press the “*=ISNA(FIND(B2,A2))***Enter**” key.

[In the above formula, the **FIND() first** attempts to find the letter “**l**” in the cell **A2** text value. And as the given text in cell **A2** contains the first instance of the required letter at the **13 ^{th}** position, the function returns the value

**13**. And so, the input for the

**ISNA function in Excel**becomes

**13**, thus making the function return the logical value

**FALSE**.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**C2**to**C6**using the fill handle.

We get the output as shown above.

[**Output Observation:** In the case of the target cell **C6** formula, the given text is the **#N/A **error. So, the **FIND()** output is the **#N/A **error. And thus, as the input for the **ISNA function in Excel **is the **#N/A **error, the final output is **TRUE**.

#### Example #2

We will use the **ISNA **with **IF()** and **MATCH() function in Excel** to compare two columns for matches and differences.

The below table shows a list of employees with car parking slots mapped to their employee IDs. And column C contains a list of employee IDs.

The steps to use the **ISNA function **with **IF()** and **MATCH()** to get the required data are:

**Step 1:**Select cell**D2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=IF(ISNA(MATCH(C2,$A$2:$A$11,0)),”Employee Does Not Have A Car Parking Slot”,”Employee Has A Car Parking Slot”),***Enter**” key.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**D2**to**D11**using the fill handle.

We get the output as shown above.

[**Output Observation:** Let us consider the target cell **D11** formula. First, the **MATCH() **checks the relative position of cell **C11** value, **ATL98459**, in column A. And as the employee ID is not present in column A, the **MATCH()** returns the **#N/A **error. Then, the **ISNA(#N/A) **returns **TRUE**, and as the **IF** condition hold, the **IF()** returns the phrase “**Employee Does Not Have A Car Parking Slot**” as output.]

#### Example #3

We will use the **ISNA **with MATCH and **SUMPRODUCT** **function in Excel** to count the number of **#N/A **errors in a given cell range.

The following image shows two tables. The first table contains the full list of grocery items and the second table contains a list of items to refill in the pantry.

The procedure to use the **ISNA function in Excel **with **SUMPRODUCT()** and **MATCH()** is:

- Select cell
**B13**, enter the formulaand press the “*=SUMPRODUCT(–ISNA(MATCH(A2:A11,C2:C6, 0))),***Enter**” key.

We get output as **5**, as shown below.

[**Output Observation:** In the above formula, the **MATCH() **first returns the relative position of each grocery item available in column A, according to its placement in column C. So the **MATCH()** output is **{3;#N/A;2;#N/A;1;#N/A;#N/A;4;5;#N/A}**. Please note that the function returns the position as **#N/A** for items available in column A but not in column C.

Thus, the **ISNA()** output is **{FALSE;TRUE;FALSE;TRUE;FALSE;TRUE;TRUE;FALSE;FALSE;TRUE} **and the double negation (**—**) enforces the logical values into ones and zeros. And finally, the **SUMPRODUCT()** adds them up to return the value, **5**.

### Important Things to Note

- To provide the
**#N/A**error directly as an argument to the**ISNA()**function, we must enter it in the function without double quotes to get the logical value**TRUE**as the output. - The
**ISNA function in Excel’s**argument can be a cell address of the value or an expression evaluating the value we require to check for the**#N/A**error. - We must ensure to type the exact function name as there are multiple
**IS()**group functions. If incorrectly entered, we will get incorrect results or the**“#Name?”**error.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. Where is the ISNA function in Excel?**

The **ISNA function in Excel **is in the **Formulas** → **More Functions** → **Information** → **ISNA **to apply the function in the specific target cell.

**2. How to use the ISNA function with VLOOKUP in Excel?**

We can use the **ISNA** function with **VLOOKUP** in Excel by applying the following formula.*=IF(ISNA(VLOOKUP(….),”customized_text”,VLOOKUP(….))*

For example, the below image shows two tables. The first table contains a list of office supplies and their price details, and the second table shows a list of required items.

The steps to use the** ISNA** function with **VLOOKUP **are:**• Step 1: **Select cell **F2**, enter the formula, ** =IF(ISNA(VLOOKUP(E2,$A$1:$B$5,2,0)),”Data Not Available”,VLOOKUP(E2,$A$1:$B$5,2,0)), **and press the “

**Enter**” key.

**• Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell

**F2**to

**F3**using the fill handle.

The output is shown above.

[

**Output Observation:**Let us consider the formula’s working in target cell

**F3**. First, the

**VLOOKUP()**inside the

**ISNA()**looks up the price of the cell

**E3**value,

**Desk Calendar Gold**, in column B of the first table. And as the specific item’s data is not available in the first table, the

**VLOOKUP()**returns the

**#N/A**error. So, the

**ISNA(#N/A)**returns the logical value

**TRUE**as the output. Thus, the

**IF**condition holds. And hence, it returns the phrase “

**Data Not Available**” as the final output.]

**3. Why is the ISNA function in Excel not working?**

The **ISNA function in Excel **may not work for the following reasons:**• **If the supplied argument is **#N/A **error within double quotations.**• **The function is incorrectly entered.**• **If the argument is an expression that does not evaluate the value to test for the **#N/A **error.

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