**What Is MONTH Function In Excel?**

The

MONTH Function in Excelreturns the month part from the selected date. Since there are 12 months in a year, the return value will always be an integer between 1 and 12. TheMONTH Excel functionis a “Date & Time” inbuilt function, so we can insert the formula from the “Function Library” or enter it directly in the cell.

For example, we will calculate the month value using the **MONTH Excel function** for the given date.

Select cell **B2**, enter the formula ** =MONTH(A2), **and press “

**Enter**”.

The result is ‘**10**’, as shown above.

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**MONTH Excel function**returns the month value of the given date, irrespective of the date format, whether long date or short date, - The result of the function will always be in-between the integers 1 to 12, as there are 12 months in a calendar year.
- We can find the months name instead of the month value using the
**TEXT**and**DATE**functions along with the valid month syntax like “**mm”, “mmm”, “mmmm”,**etc. - We can convert the month name to the month value using the
**DATEVALUE**function.

### MONTH() Excel Formula

The syntax of the **MONTH Excel Formula **is,

The argument of the **MONTH Excel Formula **is,

: It is a mandatory argument. It is a valid Excel date to get the month value.*serial_number*

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### How To Use MONTH Excel Function?

We can use the **MONTH Excel function **in 2 ways, namely,

**Access from the Excel ribbon.****Enter in the worksheet manually.**

#### Method #1 – Access from the Excel ribbon

Choose an empty cell for the result → select the **“Formulas” **tab → go to the “Function Library” group → click the **“Date & Time” **option drop-down → select the **“MONTH”** function, as shown below.

The **“Function Arguments” **window appears. Enter the argument value in the **“Serial_number” **field → click** “OK”, **as shown below.

#### Method #2 – Enter in the worksheet manually

- Select an empty cell for the output.
- Type
**=****MONTH****(**in the selected cell. [Alternatively, type**=M**and double-click the**MONTH****function**from the list of suggestions shown by Excel.] - Enter the argument as the cell value or cell reference in Excel and close the brackets.
- Press the “
**Enter**” key.

We will calculate the month value **using** **MONTH Excel function** for the dates in different formats.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Date.
- Column B displays the Output.

The steps to find the month **using** **MONTH Excel Function **is,

**Select cell B2, enter the formula =MONTH(A2), and press the “Enter” key. The result is “1”, as shown below.****Drag the formula from cell B2 to B4 using the fill handle.**

We get the output shown above. Column C is for our reference, for the formulas that can be used in place of dragging the formula.

### Examples

We will understand some advanced scenarios with **MONTH Excel Function examples**.

#### Example #1

We will find the month name instead of the month number/value using the **Excel TEXT function** for dates in different formats.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Date.
- Column B displays the Output.

The steps to evaluate the dates by the **TEXT**** Function in Excel **are,

**Step 1:**Select cell**B2**, enter the**TEXT**formulaand press the “*=TEXT(A2,“mmmm”),***Enter**” key. The result is “**June**”, as shown below.

**Step 2:**Select cell**B3**, enter the**TEXT**formulaand press the “*=TEXT(A3,”mmm”),***Enter**” key. The result is “**Dec**”, as shown below.

We get the output shown above. Column C is for our reference.

#### Example #2

We will find the month name instead of the month number/value using the **Excel TEXT function** for dates in different formats.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Date.
- Column B displays the Output.

The procedure to evaluate the dates by the **TEXT**** Function in Excel **is,

Enter the formulas as follows:

in cell*=TEXT(DATE(1989,12,1),“mmm”)***B2***,*in cell*=TEXT(DATE(1999,5,2),”mmmm”)***B3***,*in cell*=TEXT(DATE(2009,7,3),”mmmmm”)***B4**and*,*Press the “**Enter**” key after every formula entry.

We get the output shown above. Column C is for our reference.

#### Example #3

We will convert the month name into the month number using the **MONTH function** with the **DATEVALUE** Excel function depicting the month name.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Month Name.
- Column B displays the Month Number as output.

The steps to find the month value using the **MONTH **and **DATEVALUE functions are**,

**Step 1:**Select cell**B2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=MONTH(DATEVALUE(A2 & “1”)),***Enter**” key. The result is “**1**”, as shown below.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**B2**to**B13**using the fill handle.

#### Example #4

We will calculate the month value using the **MONTH Excel function** for the dates.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Date.
- Column B displays the Output.

The steps to evaluate the dates using the **MONTH Function in Excel **are,

**Step 1:**Select cell**B2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=MONTH(A2),***Enter**” key. The result is “**12**”, as shown below.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**B2**to**B13**using the fill handle.

### Important Things To Note

- The
**#VALUE!**error occurs,- When the function doesn’t recognize the date format, it may be an invalid format.
- If the entered date value is earlier than 1 Jan 1900.
- If the date entered is invalid, such as the month is greater than 12, or if the given date is greater than 30 or 31 in that particular month.

- No number must be entered as an argument. If entered, the result will, by default, be 1. For ex,
**=MONTH(****15****)**,**=MONTH(****2****),**all will return 1 as output.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. What does the MONTH function do in Excel?**

The **MONTH Function in Excel **is used to find the month for a valid date format.

The syntax of the **MONTH** function is *=MONTH(serial_number).*

**2. How does the MONTH function work in Excel?**

The **MONTH** function works in Excel by following the below steps;

1) Select an empty cell for the output.

2) Type **=MONTH (** in the selected cell. [Alternatively, type **=M** and double-click the **MONTH function **from the list of suggestions shown by Excel.]

3) Enter the argument as the cell value or cell reference and close the brackets.

4) Press the “**Enter**” key.

For example, we will calculate the month value using the **MONTH Excel function**.

In the table, the data is,**• **Column A contains the Date.**• **Column B displays the Output.

The procedure to evaluate the dates by the **MONTH Function in Excel **is,

Select cell **B2**, enter the formula ** =MONTH(A2), **and press the “

**Enter**” key. The result is

**5**, as shown below.

**3. Where is the MONTH Function in Excel?**

One can activate the **MONTH Function in Excel **using the following steps:

Choose an empty cell for the result → select the **“Formulas” **tab → go to the “**Function Library**” group → click the **“Date & Time” **option drop-down → select the **“MONTH”** function, as shown below.

### Download Template

This article must help understand the **MONTH Excel function’s** formula and examples. You can download the template here to use it instantly.

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This has been a guide to MONTH Excel Function. Here we explain how to use MONTH formula along with examples & downloadable excel template. You can learn more from the following articles –

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