## What Is MOD Function In Excel?

The

MODfunction in Excel is an inbuiltMath & Trigfunction. It returns the remainder after dividing the given number by the specified divisor. And the resulting value carries the same sign as the divisor.

Users can use the **MOD **Excel function to check if a cell contains an even or odd number and determine every n^{th} row or column cell value required for calculations.

For example, the below table contains a list of numbers and the corresponding divisors to divide them with to get the required remainders.

And suppose the requirement is to determine and display the remainder values in column C. Then, considering the **MOD Excel function** **definition**, we can apply the **MOD() **in the target cells to get the required data.

The **MOD Excel function return value **in each target cell is the remainder resulting from dividing the given number by the specified divisor.

For example, the **MOD **Excel function in cell C2 accepts **500** and **100 **as the arguments. Then, the number **500** gets divided by **100, **and the remainder resulting from the division is **0**. And thus, the **MOD Excel function return value **in cell C2 is **0**.

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**MOD**Excel function performs the modulo operation and determines the remainder after dividing the specified number with the given divisor. - Users can use the
**MOD()**to identify every n^{th}row or column cell value for performing the required calculations with them. The function is also useful for highlighting odd and even numbers or multiples of a specified number. - Remember, the
**MOD()**takes two mandatory arguments,**number**, and**divisor**, as input. - Using the
**MOD function**with Excel functions such as**IF**,**SUMPRODUCT**,**COLUMN**, and**ROW**and the conditional formatting feature can yield fruitful results.

### MOD() Excel Formula

The **MOD **Excel function syntax is:

where,

**number**: The value for which we require to determine the remainder.**divisor**: The value by which we need to divide the given number.

Both the **MOD **Excel function arguments are mandatory.

On the other hand, below are the critical aspects of the function we must know to avoid the possibility of the **MOD Excel function not working**.

- If the supplied arguments are not numbers, the
**MOD()**will return the**#VALUE!**error. - If the divisor is
**0**, the**MOD()**return value will be the**#DIV/0!**error.

### How To Use MOD Excel Function?

The steps to use the **MOD **Excel function are as follows:

- First, confirm if the source data contains the numbers required to supply to the
**MOD()**as arguments. - Next, select the target cell where we need to display the result and enter the
**MOD**Excel function. - Finally, press
**Enter**to view the remainder value.

The following example explains the above steps to ensure we avoid the condition of the **MOD Excel function not working**.

The below table lists a set of numbers and divisors.

And suppose we require to divide each number with the respective divisor and display the remainder in column C. Then, here is how we can apply the **MOD()** in the target cells and achieve the required outcome.

**First, select the target cell C2, enter the MOD(), and then, press Enter.***=MOD(A2,B2)*

Remember, directly entering the argument values will also give us the same result.

Alternatively, we can select the target cell and click**Formulas**→**Math & Trig**→**MOD**to open the**Function Arguments**window. And we can enter the**MOD()**arguments from the**Function Arguments**window to apply the function in the target cell.

And once we fill in the argument fields in the**Function Arguments**window, as shown below, press**OK**. Then, the**MOD()**will get executed in cell C2.

We can also enter the number values directly in the argument fields instead of the cell references to get the required result.**Next, using the fill handle, apply the formula in cell range C3:C6.**

### Examples of MOD Excel Function

This section shows examples to help you understand the **MOD Excel function **and use the function effectively.

#### Example #1

This example explains the scenario of the **MOD Excel function multiple conditions**.

The table below contains a list of fruits and their order details.

Suppose we must check the February month order data for positive and negative order quantities, date-wise, and display the output in column D.

Then, we can apply the **MOD()**with the **IF excel function **in the target cells to achieve the required data.

**Step 1:**To begin with, select the target cell D2, enter the below formula, and press**Enter**.

*=IF(MONTH(B2)=2,IF(MOD(C2,2)=0,”Even Order”,”Odd Order”),””)*

The above formula involves the **MOD Excel function multiple conditions**.

**Step 2:**Next, copy the above formula in cell range D3:D8 using the fill handle.

Now, let us consider the cell D8 formula to understand how it works.

First, the outer **IF() **checks if the date in cell B8 lies in February. As the condition holds, the inner **IF()** gets executed. So, the **MOD() **returns the remainder obtained from dividing the quantity specified in cell C8, **108**, by **2**, which is **0**. And the **IF()** condition checks if the **MOD()** output equals **0**.

Finally, as the condition holds, the **IF()** returns **Even Order** as the order check status in the specific target cell.

#### Example #2

We can use the **MOD **Excel function to determine every n^{th} row or column value to perform calculations on them.

In this example, we shall add every n^{th}-column value.

The first table contains the first and last six months’ sales data for different regional offices of a company.

Columns H and O show the sum of Jan-Jun and Jul-Dec sales figures for each regional office.

Suppose the requirement is to find the total sales at each regional office by adding the corresponding columns H and O values and display the result in the second table. Then, applying the **MOD **with the **SUMPRODUCT excel function** and **COLUMN()** in the target cells will help us get the required data.

**Step 1:**First, select the target cell B10, enter the below formula, and then, press**Enter**.

*=SUMPRODUCT((MOD(COLUMN($B2:$O2)-COLUMN($B2)+1,7)=0)*($B2:$O2))*

**Step 2:**Next, apply the formula in cell range B11:B13 using the excel fill handle.

Let us consider the cell B13 formula to understand how the formula works.

The first **COLUMN excel formula **returns the array of specified column range, **{2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15}**. And the second **COLUMN()** output is **2**.

Here, the value **2** gets subtracted from each array value to return the difference between the two **COLUMN()** outputs, **{0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13}**. Next, adding the value **1** to the above array values results in **{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14}**.

And then, the **MOD() **displays the remainders when each array value gets divided by **7**, **{1,2,3,4,5,6,0,1,2,3,4,5,6,0}**.

Next, each resulting array value gets compared to **0**, and we get an array of **TRUE** and **FALSE** values, with **TRUE** indicating the specific array value is **0** and **FALSE** otherwise.

The expression **$B5:$O5** displays all the sales values in cells B5 to O5. And when the array values get multiplied by the cell range B5:O5 values, the output is **{0,0,0,0,0,0,7970,0,0,0,0,0,0,9300}**.

Finally, the **SUMPRODUCT() **adds the array values to return the required RG4 regional office total sales as **$17,270**.

#### Example #3

This example shows how to use the **MOD **Excel function with the conditional formatting feature.

The below table contains a list of numbers.

Now, consider the requirement to highlight the multiples of the number specified in cell C2, **21**, in column A.

Then, we can use the **MOD **Excel function in the conditional formatting criterion and highlight the required values in column A.

**Step 1:**To begin with, select the cell range A2:A11 and then, click**Home**→**Conditional Formatting**→**New Rule**to open the**New Formatting Rule**window.

**Step 2:**Pick the last**Rule Type**. Next, enter the required criterion containing the**MOD()**in the provided field, and then, click**Format**to open the**Format Cells**window.

**Step 3:**Next, go to the**Fill**tab, pick the color we wish to use for highlighting the cells where the conditional formatting criterion holds, and then, click**OK**.

**Step 4:**Then, click**OK**in the**New Formatting Rule**window to view the highlighted cells.

The **MOD() **used in the conditional formatting criterion returns the remainder values resulting from dividing each column A number by **21**. And the formatting condition highlights those cells in column A, for which the **MOD() **output is **0**.

### Important Things To Note

- The
**MOD**Excel function output will maintain the same sign as the divisor. - Suppose we do not provide the two
**MOD()**arguments as numbers. Then, the function will throw the**#VALUE!**error. - When the supplied divisor argument value is 0, the
**MOD**function output will be the**#DIV/0!**error.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. Where is the MOD function in Excel?**

The **MOD** function in Excel is in the **Formulas** tab. Click **Formulas** → **Math & Trig** → **MOD** to apply it in the required target cell.

**2. What is the purpose of the MOD function in Excel?**

The purpose of the **MOD** function in Excel is that as it gives the remainder from dividing the given number with the specified divisor, it helps identify every n^{th} cell value. We can also use the function to determine odd and even numbers from the given number list.

**3. How to use MOD() to count the number of cells containing even and odd numbers?**

We can use **MOD()** to count the number of cells containing even and odd numbers by applying it along with the **SUMPRODUCT** function.

Let us see the steps with an example.

Consider the following table containing a list of even and odd numbers.

Suppose the requirement is to determine the total number of cells containing even and odd numbers and display the results in the cell range B13:B14. Then, here is how we can use the **MOD()** within the **SUMPRODUCT()** in the target cells to get the required output.**• Step 1: **Select the target cell B13, enter the below formula, and press **Enter**.*=SUMPRODUCT((MOD(A2:A11,2)=0)*1)***• Step 2: **Select the target cell B14, enter the below formula, and press **Enter**.*=SUMPRODUCT((MOD(A2:A11,2)=1)*1)*

The **MOD()** in the above formulas returns the remainder values obtained from dividing each number in the list by **2**.

Then, the cell B13 formula checks whether the **MOD() **output is **0** to confirm if the specific column A cell value is even. The result will be an array of **TRUE**s and **FALSE**s, where **TRUE** indicates the particular cell value is even.

And multiplying the array range with the value of **1** will return an array of ones and zeros. Finally, the **SUMPRODUCT()** adds the array values to return the total count of even numbers, **4**.

The cell B14 formula also works similarly, except the formula checks if the **MOD() **output is **1** to confirm the specific column A cell value is odd.

**4. How can you represent the MOD() in terms of the INT()?**

We can represent the **MOD() **in terms of the** INT() **as shown below:**MOD(number,divisor) = number – divisor * INT(number/divisor)**

### Download Template

This article must be helpful to understand the **MOD Excel Function**, with its formula and examples. You can download the template here to use it instantly.

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