## What Is LOWER Function In Excel?

The

LOWER Excel functionconverts the uppercase or capital letters of the selected string into lowercase or small letters.LOWER functionis an in-builtTextfunction, so we can insert the formula from the “Function Library” or enter it directly in the worksheet. For example, we will use theLOWER functionto return the lowercase string.

Select cell **B2**, enter the formula ** =LOWER(A2), **and press the “

**Enter**” key. The result is the lowercase “

**a**”, as shown below. Therefore, the capital letter is converted to a small letter.

##### Table of contents

###### Key Takeaways

- The
**LOWER Excel function**converts all the capital letters in the selected text into lowercase letters. - In a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters like
**ABCDefgh**, the lowercase letters remain untouched, and the function will convert to lowercase and give the result as**abcdefgh**. - The function reduces the time consumption in rewriting and recorrecting the strings in a large dataset.
- We can generate email ids from names using this function by using the
**“&”**symbol to merge the names with the domain name.

### LOWER() Excel Formula

The syntax of the **LOWER Excel formula **is,

The argument of the **LOWER Excel formula **is,

: It is a mandatory argument. It is only the text string that will be converted to lowercase.*text*

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### How To Use LOWER Excel Function?

We can use the **LOWER Excel function **in 2 ways, namely,

**Access from the Excel ribbon.****Enter in the worksheet manually.**

#### Method #1 – Access from the Excel ribbon

Choose an empty cell for the output → select the **“Formulas” **tab → go to the “**Function Library**” group → click the **“Text” **option drop-down → select the **“LOWER”** function, as shown below.

The **“Function Arguments” **window appears. Enter the argument in the **“text” **field → click “**OK**”, as shown below.

#### Method #2 – Enter in the worksheet manually

- Select an empty cell for the output.
- Type
**=LOWER(**in the selected cell. [Alternatively, type**=L**or**=LO**and double-click the**LOWER function**from the list of suggestions shown by Excel.] - Enter the arguments as cell values or cell references in Excel and close the brackets.
- Press the “
**Enter**” key.

Let us take a basic example to understand its application.

We will convert the uppercase fruit names to lowercase using **LOWER Excel function**.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Value.
- Column B contains the Output.

The steps to change the case using **LOWER formula **are,

**Select cell B2, enter the formula =LOWER(A2), and press the “Enter” key. The result is “apple”.****Drag the formula from cell B2 to B6 using the fill handle. The output is shown below.**

### Examples

We will understand some advanced scenarios using the **LOWER Excel function examples.**

#### Example #1

We will convert the case using the **LOWER function **for the month’s name of the year.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Value.
- Column B contains the Output.

The steps to change the case using the **LOWER formula **are**,**

**Step 1:**Select cell**B2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=LOWER(A2),***Enter**” key. The result is “**january**”.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**B2**to**B13**using the fill handle. The output is shown below.

#### Example #2

We will convert the case using the **LOWER function** for the names in all uppercase letters.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the Name.
- Column B contains the Output.

The steps to change the case using the **LOWER formula **are**,**

**Step 1:**Select cell**B2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=LOWER(A2),***Enter**” key. The result is “**ron**”.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**B2**to**B5**using the fill handle. The output is shown below.

#### Example #3

We will form the email by converting the case using the **LOWER function** for the first and last names.

In the table, the data is,

- Column A contains the First Name.
- Column B contains the Last Name.
- Column C contains the Email.

The steps to change the case using the **LOWER formula **are**,**

**Step 1:**Select cell**C2**, enter the formulaand press the “*=LOWER(A2)&LOWER(B2)&“@xyz.com”,***Enter**” key. The result is “**johnpeter@xyz.com**”.

**Step 2:**Drag the formula from cell**C2**to**C5**using the fill handle. The output is shown below.

### Important Things To Note

- Lower Excel function does not change the punctuation characters, symbols, etc., it returns as it is.
- If there is a space between words, or the cell value is a numeric value, the function does not consider that.
- If the cell values or reference is blank, then the result after applying the formula will be blank.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**1. What is the LOWER Excel function used for?**

The **LOWER Excel function** converts each character in a selected string into lowercase.

The formula of the **LOWER function** is *=LOWER(text)*

For example, we will convert all uppercase letters into lowercase using the **LOWER **form

In the table, the data is,**• **Column A contains the Value.**• **Column B contains the Output.

The procedure to change the case using the **LOWER formula **is,

Select cell **B2**, enter the formula ** =LOWER(A2),** press the “

**Enter**” key, and drag the formula from cell

**B2 to B3**using the fill handle.

We will get the output shown above.

**2. How to insert the LOWER Excel function?**

We can insert the **LOWER function** as follows:**1.** Select an empty cell for the output.**2.** Type **=LOWER( **in the selected cell. [Alternatively, type **=L** or **=LO** and double-click the **LOWER function **from the list of suggestions shown by Excel.]**3.** Enter the arguments as cell values or cell references and close the brackets.**4. **Press the “**Enter**” key.

For example, we will convert all uppercase letters into lowercase using the **LOWER** **Function**.

In the table, the data is,**• **Column A contains the Value.**• **Column B contains the Output.

The procedure to change the case using the **LOWER formula **is,

Select cell **B2**, enter the formula ** =LOWER(A2),** press the “

**Enter**” key, and drag the formula from cell

**B2 to B3**using the fill handle.

We will get the output shown above in column B.

**3. Where is the LOWER Excel function?**

The **LOWER function **is in the “**Formulas**” tab and can be used as follows:

Choose an empty cell for the output → select the **“Formulas” **tab → go to the “**Function Library**” group → click the **“Text” **option drop-down → select the **“LOWER”** function, as shown below.

### Download Template

This article must help understand the **LOWER Excel function’s** formula and examples. You can download the template here to use it instantly.

### Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to LOWER Excel Function. Here we explain how to use LOWER Formula along with examples & a downloadable excel template. You can learn more from the following articles –

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